The Fireside Chats of Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882 – 1945) was the 32nd President of the United States. He led his country and the world during a time of massive economic crisis and war. As the only American president elected to more than two terms (1933-1945), he was able to build up the support necessary to move the country forward, his temperament of both optimism and activism helped to revive the national spirit. Throughout his entire presidency, FDR gave a series of fireside chats, which were thirty evening radio addresses.
Roosevelt would urge listeners support his New Deal measures and to have faith in the banking system. These addresses were incredibly successful, not just as ways of getting legislation passed, but were massively popular in themselves, beating out other famous shows during radio's "Golden Age." FDR reassured the American people that the nation was going to recover and shared his hopes and plans for the country. The chats ranged from fifteen to forty-five minutes and interestingly, eighty percent of the words used were based on the 1000 most commonly used words in the English dictionary.
1. On the Bank Crisis - March 12, 1933
2. Outlining the New Deal Program - May 7, 1933
3. On the Purposes and Foundations of the Recovery Program - July 24, 1933
4. On the Currency Situation - October 22, 1933
5. Review of the Achievements of the Seventy-third Congress - June 28, 1934
6. On Moving Forward to Greater Freedom and Greater Security - September 30, 1934
7. On the Works Relief Program - April 28, 1935
8. On Drought Conditions - September 6, 1936
9. On the Reorganization of the Judiciary - March 9, 1937
10. On Legislation to be Recommended to the Extraordinary Session of the Congress - October 12, 1937
11. On the Unemployment Census - November 14, 1937
12. On Economic Conditions - April 14, 1938
13. On Party - Friday, June 24, 1938
14. On the European War - September 3, 1939
15. On National Defense - May 26, 1940
16. On National Security - December 29, 1940
17. Announcing Unlimited National Emergency - May 27, 1941 (the longest fireside chat)
18. On Maintaining Freedom of the Seas - September 11, 1941
19. On the Declaration of War with Japan - December 9, 1941
20. On Progress of the War - February 23, 1942
21. On Our National Economic Policy - April 28, 1942
22. On Inflation and Progress of the War - September 7, 1942
23. Report on the Home Front - October 12, 1942
24. On the Coal Crisis - May 2, 1943
25. On Progress of War and Plans for Peace - July 28, 1943
26. Opening Third War Loan Drive - September 8, 1943
27. On Tehran and Cairo Conferences - December 24, 1943
28. State of the Union Message to Congress - January 11, 1944
29. On the Fall of Rome - June 5, 1944
30. Opening Fifth War Loan Drive - June 12, 1944
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November 01, 2012
Frank discourses of President with citizens. Trying to raise the hopes in the aftermath of great depression. And in doing so seek their support & co-operation. This trait is missing in current time leaders. Very good read.